Russian Hard Sign

June 4, 2018 | Tags:

Did you know that the hard sign (ъ)  separates some prefixes ending in a consonant from a following morpheme that begins with the iotated vowels я, е, ё, and ю? The hard sign marks the fact that the sound [j] continues to be heard in the composition.

Compare:

  • съёмка ([ˈsʲjɵmkə] s’jomka): ‘filming’.
  • Сёмка [ˈsʲɵmkə] Sjomka): diminutive form of the male name Семён (Semjon), “Simon”.

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